After three months of fighting, the Philippine military and local residents have finally achieved a peaceful resolution to a three-month armed struggle over control of the country’s third-largest city.
On Thursday, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte declared martial law to prevent an uprising from breaking out in the city of Tacloban, the Philippines’ second-largest.
The city was seized by the rebels in August last year, prompting the military to storm the city and seize its entire government and surrounding districts.
The Philippines has a population of about 70 million, making it the second-most populous nation in the world.
But despite the massive urban population and the massive amount of territory controlled by the rebellion, it has been unable to control it and prevent it from erupting.
The conflict in Tacluban erupted in July last year after President Duterte declared a nationwide state of emergency, or martial law, and ordered the deployment of the National Armed Forces (PNF) to deal with the rebellion.
The NPA said it would arrest, take into custody, and prosecute rebels and their supporters.
Duterte had also launched a war on drugs and corruption that had brought in an estimated $6 billion worth of goods, according to data compiled by the Philippine Institute of Statistics and Policy.
The National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) has launched an investigation into alleged abuses by the NPA and its supporters in the province of Davao, which has become the epicentre of the conflict.
The insurgency has forced the closure of more than a dozen schools, including the University of the Philippines, which was the target of an earlier attack in September last year.